Cataract Facts

Cataracts are a very common reason people lose vision, but they can be treated. At Dedham Ophthalmic Consultants and Surgeons, we thought a little Cataract-101 would help people to understand the risks of getting cataracts, symptoms to look for, and methods used for the treatment of cataracts.

For starters, EVERYONE is at risk of getting cataracts.

Aside from aging, there are other risk factors to increase your chances of getting cataracts.

  • A family history.
  • Previous eye injury.
  • Too much sun exposure.

What are the symptoms of a cataract?

Cataracts develop gradually as we age. Therefore, most of us do not notice signs or changes in your vision when cataracts first start to develop. However, if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, it might be a wise decision to have your eyes examined:

  • Blurry vision
  • Double vision
  • Light sensitivity
  • Difficulty reading in low light
  • Difficulty seeing at night
  • Inability to distinguish bright colors

What to expect when diagnosed with Cataracts.

  • Yearly eye exams are extremely important – especially after a cataract diagnosis
  • Sunglasses are a must.
  • If you smoke, quit. Smoke is a key risk factor for cataracts.
  • Use a magnifier and bright lights to read.
  • Limit your night driving.
  • If you have diabetes and develop cataracts, be sure to control your diabetes.
  • When normal daily activities get difficult to complete, consider cataract surgery.
  • Make an informed decision about cataract surgery. Have a discussion with your ophthalmologist about your cataract surgery options.

Treatment options for Cataracts.

During cataract surgery, your eye surgeon will remove your eye’s cloudy natural lens and will replace it with an artificial lens. When you decide to have cataract surgery, your doctor will talk with you about Intraocular Lenses (IOLs) and how they work.

An intraocular lens (or IOL) is a tiny, silicone or acrylic lens that is used to replace the eye’s natural lens that is removed during cataract surgery. Many who undergo cataract surgery with an upgraded IOL experiences a severe reduction in their dependence on glasses after cataract surgery.

To learn more about cataracts, symptoms of cataracts, living with cataracts, and surgical treatment of cataracts, please call our office today at 781-251-2222.

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