What is Meibomian Gland Dysfunction

Sounds Strange . . . But MGD is the Most Common Eye Condition

Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) may be one of the most common eye problems you’ve never heard of. Its odd-sounding name is probably part of the problem. Another name for MGD is “meibomianitis,” which sure isn’t any easier to remember!

Meibomian gland dysfunction is a blockage or some other abnormality of the meibomian glands so they don’t secrete enough oil into the tears. Because the tears then evaporate too quickly, MGD is a leading cause of dry eye syndrome. It also is associated with an eyelid problem called blepharitis.

MGD Risk Factors

  • Age
  • Ethnicity
  • Contact Lenses
  • Make-Up

Nine out of ten people who suffer from dry eye have Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD)

MGD is a chronic, progressive disease characterized by terminal duct obstruction and/or changes in the glandular secretion. There are several causes for MGD. Some factors can include aging, ethnicity, environmental, use of contacts, and even wearing make-up.

Therefore, our focus for the next month is on MGD, risk factors, symptoms, and treatment. If you have been suffering from chronic symptoms of a dry, irritated, and scratchy eyes, offering blurred vision – you may have MGD.

Follow our blog series, but more importantly – stop by Dedham Ophthalmic Consultants and Surgeons for an eye exam today.

For starters, we wished to share this extremely useful article, written by Amy Hellem – a writer, editor, and researcher who specializes in eye care and other medical fields.

How Is MGD Detected?

The symptoms of meibomian gland dysfunction — red eyes, a gritty feeling, itchy eyes, and blurred vision — are nearly the same as those of dry eye syndrome.

Only your eye doctor can tell for sure if you have MGD.

At Dedham Ophthalmic Consultants and Surgeons, we specialize in treatment and management for Dry Eye. Take our quiz today, then contact us for a consultation.


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